Relaxed and Safe Driving

Posted in DefaultTag by biofeedbackresources on June 6th, 2017

thumbnail.jpgThere are some sources of stress we can avoid and there are some that are much more difficult to avoid. If you drive then you face what can be very stressful on a regular basis. Most of us believe that we are excellent drivers. It’s those other "idiots" (or worse) who don’t know how to drive. Either they drive too fast, too slow or something else. It is fortunate for me that the drive to my office is only 5 minutes from my home, unless it is rush hour, yes we have a rush hour in tiny Ossining, NY. I should probably walk more often since that would only take 20 minutes. The excuse I usually make is that I have too much stuff to carry if I walk. That could be worked around with a little planning. Since the weather is nice now I will make a commitment to walk to work more often until winter. Many people have a commute of one hour or more one way. Multi-ply that by 5 days and you get at least ten hours of driving just to get to and from work. Besides our work commute there is driving to the store, running errands, going to din-ner and other entertainment, vacations, business trips and more. Those of you who are drivers may spend a lot of time in the car. Many of your cli-ents spend a lot of time in the car.

The last time that I took a defensive driving course I de-cided that I should comment on stress related to driving. Even though I have been driv-ing since I was sixteen years old I always learn something at these sessions. Here are some road rage statistics from the American Safety Council

  • 66% of traffic fatalities are caused by aggressive driving.
  •  37% of aggressive driving incidents involve a firearm.
  •  Males under the age of 19 are the most likely to exhibit road rage. Half of drivers who are on the  receiving end of an aggressive behavior, such as horn honking, a rude gesture, or tailgating admit to respond-ing with aggressive behavior themselves.
  •  Over a seven year period, 218 murders and 12,610 inju-ries were attributed to road rage.

One scary statistic worth not-ing is:

2% of drivers admit to trying to run an aggressor off the road!

We are never the problem right?

Take this quiz that the American Safety Council offers:

Do you regularly drive over the speed limit, or try to "beat" red lights because you are in a hurry?

Do you tailgate or flash your headlights at a driver in front of you that you believe is driving too slowly?

Do you honk the horn often?

Do you ever use obscene ges-tures or otherwise communi-cate angrily at another driver?

Any yes answer is an indication that you are capable of road rage. Often road rage happens because the person was under stress unrelated to driving. Traffic and the actions of other drivers can add to stress, which then blows up when a driver thinks that someone else on the road has offended them whether intentional or not.

I do a lot of driving and I also find that it can be stressful. I have learned several things to help make the experience more relaxed and safe. I would like to share some of them with you. I hope they are help-ful for you and maybe you can share them with your clients.

  • Leave Early Allow extra time to get to your desti-nation. If you get there early you can use the extra time to relax, read, or listen to music before you get started with work, your meeting, or your appointment. You won’t have the extra pressure of the possibility of being late.
  • Let the person who cut you off go. You don’t really gain anything by "getting them back" You don’t lose anything by "letting them get away with it".
  • Have plenty of audio re-cordings of material that you want to learn, audio books, and music you love in your car. It helps pass the time when you’re stuck in traffic and can have a positive effect on your mood.
  • Check the muscle tension in your hands, shoulders, and neck. Release extra tension.
  • Practice diaphragmatic breathing at red lights and in traffic.
  • Remember the goal is get there safely.

For more information on stress management and stress management tools please visit you can also subscribe to our newsletter biofeedback maters.

Check out our Facebook Page and YouTube channel at Biofeedback Resources.


Thank you.

Less Stress for the Holidays

Posted in stress, stress management by biofeedbackresources on November 23rd, 2016

Less Stress for the Holidays


The start of the holiday season is upon us.  This should be a wonderful time to look forward to and yet many people experience this as one of the most stressful times of the year.  What makes it stressful? The crowds and expense of shopping, the traffic, spending time with people who get on your nerves – shall I go on?  I’m sure you could easily add to my list.

What can you do to make it less stressful?

  1. Give thanks. The season starts with the Thanksgiving holiday.  Take some time to actually give thanks for all of the things that you are blessed with.  All of us kind find at least a few things to be thankful for.  Here is a list of things you can pick through to find something that applies to you:

A place to live

Food to eat

A job



Good Health


Clothes to wear

A car or bus or train fare

The ability to walk

Now I know there may be some who don’t have all of these things but I believe that there are few who don’t have at least one. 

Spend some time thinking about what the holidays are supposed to be about. 

You may get the opportunity to see some people that you hardly ever see.  Even if you don’t always get along great take it for what it is worth and find something enjoyable about spending time with them.  Remember the holidays don’t last forever.  It will soon be over and we all get back to our regular lives starting off a new year.  Don’t make it bigger than it is.

Remember to breathe.  If you start to feel stressed find a place you can be alone for a few minutes and take a few slow deep breaths to take the edge off and then rejoin the group.

If you set your mind to enjoy the holidays you probably will.

Attention Or Sleep, Problems with Sleep related to ADHD

Posted in health, ADHD, Attention, Sleep, Insomnia by biofeedbackresources on December 16th, 2015

You wouldn’t want to have to make that choice for children.  Many children diagnosed with ADHD are prescribed medications to help with the symptoms.  Some popular medications in use are Ritalin, Concerta and Adderall.  These medications are helping some people.  The drug companies themselves are listing sleep problems as a possible side effect.

According to a November 23, 2015 online article in Pediatrics, research analysis led by Katherine Kidwell of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln found that children given stimulants tended to have sleep problems more often.  One of the studies compared the sleep of children given methylphenidate (generic Ritalin) with children given a placebo.  The children who took the generic Ritalin slept an average of 20 minutes less per night.  They also found that taking a stimulant medication more often during the day caused a child to take longer to fall asleep at night.

Dr. Trevor Resnick, who is chief of pediatric neurology at Nicklaus Children’s  Hospital in Miami says that it is extremely important  that all children get a good night’s sleep for healthy brain development.  It is his belief that only a small percentage of children will develop problems related to ADHD medications though. 

I believe based on experience and reading that many attention problems may be due to poor sleep.  If the brain is tired it is not going to work as efficiently.  It is harder to learn, focus, and pay attention when you are sleep deprived.  Some problems are due to children not getting enough sleep.  This can be caused by going to bed too late.  As Dr. Michael Thompson of the ADD Centre in Toronto Canada says, another problem is that before many kids go to bed they are watching stimulating TV programs and playing stimulating video games.  When they finally do go to bed their brains are still too stimulated for quality sleep for some time.  Most children also have to wake up very early to get to school on time.  That doesn’t help things either.  Now this research review is showing that the medications intended to improve attention and hyperactivity symptoms may cause sleep problems in some of the children they are intended to help.   

Many parents are now seeking alternatives methods of helping their children with ADHD symptoms.  Neurofeedback therapy is one option.   Neurofeedback uses EEG biofeedback instruments that measure and feedback the electrical signals from the brain.  The information is fed back in a way that helps a person learn how to regulate their brain activity.  Some of the brainwaves are slower like the ones that are present more during sleep.  Others are faster like the ones present more while solving a math problem.  The power of these waves are sometimes out of balance in people with ADHD.  Neurofeedback can help a person learn how to rebalance these brainwaves.  This can lead to improvement in symptoms.

For listings of certified neurofeedback providers visit and click on the consumers tab and select find a practitioner.   If you are interested in becoming a provider you can visit our website and start by taking a free online introduction to neurofeedback course here:


Harry L. Campbell

President, Biofeedback Resources International

Author of the book “What Stress Can Do”




Stressed Out Students SOS

Posted in News, NetCasts, stress, health, stress management by biofeedbackresources on July 22nd, 2015

College students are stressed out.  Listen to this message about why and what is being done about it.


Stressed Out Students


Before young people join us in the adult work and family responsibility world they are already experiencing the effects of stress from the academic world.  College life is not a full time party for all students.  There is a lot of pressure to study, hand in assignments on time, and perform well on exams.  Students and or their parents usually have a huge financial investment which is at risk if they don’t do well.  Most also have the stress of looking forward to graduating with a large amount of student loan debt.  They are also already worrying about the challenge of competing with the masses to find a job after graduation.

According to a May 27, 2015 New York Times article anxiety is the most common mental health problem of college students.  A study by the Center for Collegiate Mental Health at Penn State revealed that more than half of 100,000 students indicate that anxiety is a health concern for them.  A survey by the American College Health Association showed that more than 16 percent of college students have been diagnosed with or treated for anxiety within the last year.  These are numbers of people who actually seek help.  Usually with mental health issues including anxiety many people do not seek help.  Considering this, the problem is even greater. 


Many colleges and universities have counseling centers to help students with problems like anxiety and depression.  Some of them are beginning to reach or surpass their capacity. 


Counseling centers offer individual and group therapy, mindfulness training, stress kits including things like stress balls that you squeeze as a way to relieve stress, and pet therapy.  Some also offer biofeedback which uses technology to measure things like muscle tension, heart rate, breathing, sweat, and brainwave activity.  Biofeedback shows a person the levels of these signals so that they can become more aware of the changes and learn how to regulate them by the power of their own mind.  This gives them a sense of control which is key in reducing anxiety.  If you feel that you have no control in a situation you feel more anxious.  When you feel like you have some control in a situation it helps to reduce anxiety.   Students need to have stress management assistance made available to them to help them to maintain or regain their mental health as well as perform at their best in their studies. 

For a free stress card and other free information on stress management text STRESS to 55469

Harry L. Campbell

President, Biofeedback Resources International

Author of the book “What Stress Can Do”




Bio and Neurofeedback Protocols for the Treatment of Chronic Pain

Posted in News, NetCasts by biofeedbackresources on June 25th, 2013

Bio and Neurofeedback Protocols for the Treatment of Chronic Pain

Chronic Pain


Every day is more frequent to hear the expression: “I suffer from a chronic pain syndrome” or maybe “I’m a chronic pain sufferer” or “I’ve been suffering this pain for long time”. But ¿What is chronic pain? ¿Which are the differences between chronic and acute pain? In fact: ¿What is pain?

Neuroscientists and physicians agree that pain is a subjective experience in perception, a natural neurophysiological response to injury or illness and a basic process of alarm that tell us something is going wrong with our health.


Acute pain has a sudden onset and resolution –within hours, days or weeks- it is attributable to an event: injury or illness. Responds to appropriate treatment and, in some cases, has episodes associated with some conditions: like migraine or dysmenorrhea.

But chronic pain is a very different health issue. First of all, it is a maladaptive response; it’s persistent commonly defined within 3-6 months of duration. But what is most important: is difficult to treat –improvement possible and cure often elusive- and interferes with activities of daily life –work, school, social events and chores-. Several common sources of chronic pain have been identified: migraine, and other serious headaches –there have been described 150 different headaches types since 1980-, arthritis and other joint pain, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic interstitial cystitis, trauma and post-surgical pain, low back pain, cancer, stroke, diabetes just to mention some of the most common.

And ¿what is pain by the numbers? ¿What is the epidemiology of pain?


According to the Institute of Medicine Report of 2011, 80% of patients experience postoperative pain. From that number 10-50% develops chronic pain. 5% of American women aged between 28-65, experience headaches 15 or more days per month and 62% of nursing home residents report pain.

Approximately 6 million women have fibromyalgia, more than that number have neuropathic pain and 26.4% of Americans, report low back pain lasting at least a day during a 3 months period of time.

The cost of pain is awesome: 116 million U.S. adults have common chronic pain conditions. Because of that number a conservative estimate of the annual cost of chronic pain to federal and state governments in medical expenditures for pain was $99 billion. These estimates exclude: individuals in institutional settings –nursing home residents or correction inmates-, military personnel, children under the age of 18 and personal caregivers. It's also excluded the loss of productivity of workers <24 and >65 years and in all the cases: the e motional cost of pain.


The problem of chronic pain is: under-diagnosed and under-treated. Several factors have been described associated to the vulnerability to pain: age group, sex and gender, income an education, military veterans, surgical, cancer and patients at the end of life. For all these reasons it has to be concluded that chronic pain is costly and prevalent. Unfortunately chronic pain is underreported, under-diagnosed and under-treated in nearly all health care settings. Something chronic pain syndromes have in common is how poor the quality of life is to the people suffering from it and the way the physical, mental health and personal economy are permanently compromised. Looking at the numbers, epidemiology prevalence and nature of chronic pain it is to be considered that chronic pain is a disease in itself and requires a comprehensive treatment approach.

The contributions of basic and applied research in Neurosciences for the treatment chronic pain have been substantially improved and refined in recent years. In applied Neurosciences, Biofeedback and Neurofeedback have been used successfully for the treatment of different chronic pain syndromes. Applied research has demonstrated how, if chronic pain is treated by diminishing its psychophysiological components, most of them in the self-regulation spectrum, the physical, cognitive and emotional integration is reduced, as well as the physiological and physical response to the pain itself. Studying the electrophysiological components of the acute and chronic pain response, it has been described that the central and peripheral elements that can be present independently or in a constellation, also known as a pain's physiological profile and that can be permanently changed with therapy. In applied Neurosciences, therapies have been created for both types of components to be treated both: simultaneo usly or separately.

The advance in the field is incredible, professionals interested in the theme not only could start a specialty by acquiring training in Biofeedback or Neurofeedback for the management of chronic pain syndromes in general, but become specialized by defining a specific training in one or both specialties and a specific chronic pain syndrome.

With these ideas in mind, we created a seminar considering the contributions in both fields, the basic and advanced elements of each one and the protocols already proved and replicated for the most common chronic pain syndromes.

In the seminar, participants will be trained to select the proper patients/clients to be treated with the Biofeedback and Neurofeedback protocols depending on a specific chronic pain syndrome. Participants will develop the proper skills for the operation of the Bio and Neurofeedback systems for the treatment of the chronic pain syndromes, to conduct the intervention and the proper treatment and follow up protocols.

Themes like: neurophysiology and psychophysiology of chronic pain, the QEEG and psychophysiological profiles of chronic pain patients, and the neurophysiological markers in acute and chronic pain will be reviewed.

We will emphasize themes like: EEG during sleep, consciousness and endogenous evoked potentials in chronic pain syndromes.

Other themes considered in this seminar are: the psychophysiology of pain, the ANS response in acute and chronic pain, the limbic system response during chronic pain and the neurophysiology of emotions in pain in general and chronic pain in particular.

Few Biofeedback and Neurofeedback seminars consider the Bio-psychosocial model of pain, so we will be also talking about the physiological learning and social factors in chronic pain and its relation with the electrophysiology of acute and chronic pain. Normal and chronic pain electro physiological profiles are also considered.

Due to the lack of information in common Neurofeedback seminars about EEG patterns of pain; the seminar is designed to review the psychophysiological profiles and chronic pain treatment protocols in conjunction with both traditional and QEEG Neurofeedback procedures.

Normal, acute and chronic pain psychophysiological and neurophysiological readings are revisited in its relation to pain treatment protocols, (instrumentation and practice and report creation). Finally we review in detail Neurophysiological markers of acute and chronic pain, its use in assessment, treatment and relapse prevention.

This seminar is an excellent opportunity to learn from the expert and his experience about the noninvasive treatments for a health issue that has to be considered and managed as a disease in itself and requires a comprehensive treatment approach that has to be conducted by interdisciplinary health care groups.

Join the seminar and live the experience to be trained with the most reliable systems, outstanding interventions protocols and become an expert in management of one of the most costly and prevalent health issues in America today.

For more information about this article please contact the author:

Prof. Dr. Jorge J. Palacios-Venegas,

Applied Neurosciences specialist,

CEO of Biofeedback Centermr

(521)(55) (calling from or outside U. S.)

Skype: dr.jorge.j.palacios.venegas

Twitter: @palacciv

Additional information on the seminar:

icon for podbean

Temperature Biofeedback For Stress Management

Posted in DefaultTag by biofeedbackresources on April 1st, 2013

Temperature biofeedback is just one way to measure how we react to stress. 

What does temperature have to do with stress?  When you become stressed your body goes through what is called the fight or flight response.  During this process your body goes through many changes to prepare to react physically to the real or perceived threat by fighting or running.  Some of the changes that happen include increased sweating, heart rate, and muscle tension.  Another change that happens is constriction of blood vessels.  This is the change that allows us to use temperature biofeedback.

During stress the smooth muscles in the blood vessels in your hands and feet contract.  This causes the blood vessels to be constricted.  With the inside opening of the blood vessels now smaller, less blood gets through.  Since your blood is warm, when there is less blood flowing through the blood vessels, your hands and feet become colder.  Think of the term “cold feet”.  The opposite is also true.  When you relax, the blood vessels dilate as the smooth muscles in them relax.  As more blood circulates through the blood vessels your hands become warmer.  So when your hands are warm it can mean that you are more relaxed.  It is not a 100% sure way to tell though.  There are other things that can affect your hand temperature like medications that dilate or constrict blood vessels, caffeine, smoking, exercise, or even room or environment temperature.


We can use any of several types of temperature biofeedback tools to see changes in hand temperature.  Stress dots and stress cards change color as temperature changes.  You can stick an adhesive dot on your finger and watch as the color changes when your hands get warmer or cooler.  You can hold your thumb on the color sensitive circle or square on a stress card to see changes in color.  You can see the exact temperature to one tenth of a degree on a digital temperature feedback monitor.  These are more sensitive and accurate than the dots or cards.    Another low cost option are small glass thermometers on cardboard backing.  In temperature biofeedback the goal is to increase your hand temperature to 94 degrees Fahrenheit.  You can learn to increase your hand temperature though using relaxation exercises including diaphragmatic breathing, autogenic relaxation, and guided imagery.

There are also more sophisticated temperature biofeedback instruments that connect to a computer or smart phone.  These display the temperature changes up to 1/100th of one degree digitally, with line or bar graphs, audio feedback and games that progress depending on the temperature changes. 

Using temperature biofeedback:

1) Check your hand temperature using your temperature biofeedback device.

2) Record your starting temperature.

3) Begin doing a relaxation exercise.

4) Watch for any temperature changes.

5) Continue for 5 – 20 minutes

6) Record your ending temperature

Repeat this practice for 20 sessions from 1 time per day to 3 times per week. 

Keep a log of your practice sessions including the date and time, your starting temperature, your ending temperature, and the length of your practice session.

Use graph paper to plot your starting and ending temperature readings.  You should see an increase in both.

The lower cost, smaller items can be used in stress management or relaxation groups.  You can learn to turn off the stress response and turn on the relaxation response by using temperature biofeedback. 

To learn more about how to get temperature biofeedback tools visit 

Harry L. Campbell

President, Biofeedback Resources International Corp.

Ossining, NY

Video of Jeffrey Cram EMG Workshop from 1988

Posted in DefaultTag by biofeedbackresources on January 24th, 2013

The other day I was going through some old VHS video tapes.  Two of these tapes caught my attention.  One was of my family shoveling and playing in the snow during a blizzard.  The children were small.  Now they have both graduated college.  The other video was of a Surface EMG workshop that Dr. Jeff Cram did for Adam Crane at his Ossining, NY office in 1988. 

As I was watching it I saw myself on the right side of the screen.  I was busy reloading paper in an old dot matrix printer.  The kind that you had to line up the holes in the paper with the pins on the roller guides.  You also had to make sure that the fan-fold paper had a clear path to feed into the printer.  During the EMG workshop Dr. Cram was teaching about surface EMG biofeedback, muscle scanning, and dynamic EMG assessments.   Working with Adam I got the chance to meet, learn from, and work with many of the top people in biofeedback including Jeff Cram, Erik Peper, and Charles Stroebel.  I am grateful that I have been able to learn by helping over these many years.  I look forward to continuing to share what I have learned with others as we continue to help healthcare professionals use biofeedback to help more people every year. 

Watch the video on YouTube:

Also on the Biofeedback Resources International Facebook Page:!/pages/Biofeedback-Resources-International-Corp/118594803123


Harry L. Campbell


EMG Biofeedback for Tension Headaches

Posted in NetCasts by biofeedbackresources on September 25th, 2012

Using EMG Biofeedback for Tension Headaches


Excess muscle tension can be the source of many headaches.  Headache medication sometimes doesn’t work and often comes along with unwanted side effects, in some cases even inducing more headaches (rebound headaches) which create a vicious cycle requiring more medication followed by more headaches. 

Tension headache sufferers often don’t realize that they are holding excess tension in their facial, neck, and upper back muscles.  Muscles are intended to generate movement and maintain posture.  Muscles contract to create movement.  When the movement is completed, the muscle should return to a relaxed state.  When muscles remain contracted after movement is completed the muscle becomes overworked and irritated.  This can trigger pain.  Tension headache pain usually is triggered by excess tension in face muscles, including those around the eyes, in the forehead, scalp, temples, and jaw.  The muscles in the scalp are also connected to the neck and upper back where the source of the problem may also be found.  When we use EMG biofeedback for tension headaches, adhesive sensors are placed on the site that we want to record from.  The sites normally used are forehead – frontalis.  Sensors are placed across the forehead directly above the eyebrows (active) and the ground directly above the bridge of the nose in a straight line.  We can substitute a headband for the adhesive sensors when we are measuring EMG from the forehead.  The sensors are attached to an EMG biofeedback instrument.  Some of the instruments are self-contained and the feedback information is given by lights and sounds that indicate even small changes in the level of tension in the muscles that we are recording from.  Other instruments are connected to a computer and give even more detailed feedback including line graphs and bar graphs.  The computer systems can also store data and print reports.  The person then uses the feedback information to become more aware of the level of tension and how it changes based on what they are doing.  We can detect tension in the forehead, around the eyes, in the jaw, tongue, lips, scalp, temples, and even the throat.  The person learns how to relax all of these muscles through a combination of the direct feedback from the instrument, relaxation exercises like progressive muscle relaxation, and the coaching and encouragement provided by the biofeedback therapist.  Sessions are provided at the biofeedback provider’s office 1-3 times per week for 6-20 sessions.  It is strongly recommended that the person also practice muscle relaxation and control at home.   Home biofeedback instruments may be rented or purchased for this purpose.  As the person learns how to notice when they are tensing their muscles and how to release the tension, the intensity and frequency of their headaches tends to decrease.  Other biofeedback modalities like skin temperature may also be used.  That’s about it.  Unlike medication there are no negative side-effects.  The possible positive side-effects include less neck, upper back, and jaw pain, better ability to relax, better muscle control for sports, and more energy.  That’s not bad at all!


For more information on biofeedback providers, biofeedback training, and biofeedback instruments check the following resources: – A website with resources for personal biofeedback and stress management products and services – A website for professional biofeedback equipment and training – A website with information on biofeedback for consumers and professionals – A website with listings of certified biofeedback providers and information on certification for professionals – A website with listings of biofeedback providers in the northeast USA as well as other biofeedback related information

Article by Harry L. Campbell

President, Biofeedback Resources International Corp



Twitter: Biofeedbackman

Facebook: Biofeedback Resources International

Linked-In Harry L. Campbell


Please refer to the following for more information on biofeedback for tension headaches:


Nestoriuc, Y., Martin, A., Rief, W. & Andrasik, F. (2008). Biofeedback treatment for headache disorders: A comprehensive efficacy review.Preview Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 33(3), 125-140.


Andrasik, F. (2007). What does the evidence show? Efficacy of behavioural treatments for recurrent

headaches in adults. Neurological Sciences, 28, Suppl 2, S70-7.

Arena, J.G., Bruno, G.M., Hannah, S.L., & Meader, K.J. (1995). Comparison of frontal

electromyographic biofeedback training, trapezius electromyographic biofeedback training, and

progressive muscle relaxation therapy in the treatment of tension headache. Headache, 35(7), 411-419.

Arndorfer, R.E., & Allen, K.D. (2001). Extending the efficacy of a thermal biofeedback treatment

package to the management of tension-type headaches in children. Headache, 41(2), 183-92.

Blanchard, E.B., & Kim, M. (2005). The effect of the definition of menstrually related headache on the

response to biofeedback treatment. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 30(1), 53-63.

Ciancarelli, I., Tozzi-Ciancarelli, M.G., Spacca, G., Di Massimo, C., & Carolei, A. (2007). Relationship

between biofeedback and oxidative stress in patients with chronic migraine. Cephalalgia, 27(10),


Conner, S.J., & Rideout, S. (2005). What are the best therapies for acute migraine in pregnancy? Journal

of Family Practice, 54(11), 992-5.

Damen, L., Bruijn, J., Koes, B.W., Berger, M.Y., Passchier, J., & Verhagen, A.P. (2006). Prophylactic

treatment of migraine in children: Part 1. A systematic review of nonpharmacological trials. Cephalalgia,

26(4), 373-383.

Devineni, T., & Blanchard, E.B. (2005). A randomized controlled trial of an internet-based treatment for

chronic headache. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(3), 277-292.

Hermann, C., & Blanchard, E.B. (2002). Biofeedback in the treatment of headache and other childhood

pain. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 27(2), 143-162.

Kaushik, R., Kaushik, R.M., Mahajan, S.K., & Rajesh, V. (2005). Biofeedback-assisted diaphragmatic

breathing and systematic relaxation versus propranolol in long term prophylaxis of migraine.

Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 13(3), 165-174.

Labbe, E.E. (1995). Treatment of childhood migraine with autogenic training and skin temperature

biofeedback: A component analysis. Headache, 35(1), 10-13.

Martin, P.R., Forsyth, M.R., & Reece, J. (2007). Cognitive-behavioral therapy versus temporal pulse

amplitude biofeedback training for recurrent headache. Behavior Therapy, 38(4), 350-363.

McGrady, A., Wauquier, A., McNeil, A., & Gerard, C. (1994). Effect of biofeedback-assisted relaxation

on migraine headache and changes in cerebral blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery.

Headache, 34(7), 424-428.

Nestoriuc, Y., & Martin, A. (2007). Efficacy of biofeedback for migraine: A meta-analysis. Pain, 128(1-

2), 111-127.

Rokicki, L.A., Holroyd, K.A., France, C.R., Lipchik, G.L., France, J.L., & Kvaal, S.A. (1997). Change

mechanisms associated with combined relaxation/EMG biofeedback training for chronic tension

headache. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 22(1), 21-41.

Rokicki, L.A., Houle, T.T., Dhingra, L.K., Weinland, S.R., Urban, A.M., & Bhalla, R.K. (2003). A

preliminary analysis of EMG variance as an index of change in EMG biofeedback treatment of tensiontype

headache. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 28(3), 205-215.

Silberstein, S.D. (2000). Practice parameter: Evidence-based guidelines for migraine headache (an

evidence-based review): Report of the quality standards subcommittee of the American Academy of

Neurology. Neurology, 55, 754-762.

Trautmann, E., Lackschewitz, H., & Kroner-Herwig, B. (2006). Psychological treatment of recurrent

headache in children and adolescents — a meta-analysis. Cephalalgia, 26(12), 1411-1426.

Vasudeva, S., Claggett, A.L., Tietjen, G.E., & McGrady, A.V. (2003). Biofeedback-assisted relaxation in

migraine headache: Relationship to cerebral blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery. Headache,

43(3), 245-50.

Verhagen, A.P., Damen, L., Berger, M.Y., Passchier, J., Merlijn, V., & Koes, B.W. (2005). Conservative

treatments of children with episodic tension-type headache: A systematic review. Journal of Neurology,

252(10), 1147-1154.


Biofeedback and Stress Management for Young People

Posted in DefaultTag by biofeedbackresources on August 22nd, 2012

Biofeedback and Stress Management for Young People


People don’t get stressed all at once.  It usually happens over a period of time.   According to the Centers for Disease Control as much as 75%-90% of doctor visits are stress related.  Many of the illnesses that are caused by stress are the results of the long-term reactions the body has to stress.  As adults we have been dealing with stress for a long time.  Most people probably have not learned effective stress management earlier in life.  Wouldn’t it be better if people were taught stress management as children or young adults?  This could help minimize some of the stress related illnesses that might normally develop later in life like hypertension, diabetes, tension headaches, digestive problems, neck pain, back pain and more.


After more than a year of thinking and talking about it I finally started an after-school biofeedback program for students of my local high school – Ossining High School.  This is the school that I graduated from in 1984.  That was also the place I originally met Adam Crane who introduced me to biofeedback.  He came to the school and demonstrated biofeedback to my class.  I was instantly interested in this amazing technology that was able to detect and give feedback on responses the body has to what we are thinking.  Along with my contact Martin McDonald at Ossining High School we selected a group of students who were interested in improving their grades. 

We had a meeting with the students and their parents to describe the program that I was proposing to start.  A small group decided to be part of the initial group to go through the program.  The program starts with an intake and psychophysiological stress assessment including Surface EMG, Skin Temperature, Skin Conductance, Respiration, and Heart Rate/Blood Volume Pulse/Heart Rate Variability.  This is followed by peripheral biofeedback training sessions including Surface EMG, Skin Temperature, Skin Conductance, Respiration, and Heart Rate/HRV.  The next step is a series of baseline EEG recordings from CZ, C3, and C4 (Ten-20) scalp placements and a series of SMR EEG training sessions.

Once this is completed we will have group meetings to discuss ongoing stress management and attention training practice.  Follow up booster sessions will also be scheduled. 

My goals are to help the students improve their grades and as a side benefit decrease their chances of developing stress related disorders later in life.

So far the students are doing well with their training and are reporting that they believe that they are able to manage stressful situations better than before.


I have been approached by a few people who are having difficulty getting their BCIA certification experience requirements completed.  The reasons usually are that they don’t have equipment yet and or they don’t have any clients that they can work on.  I am opening up a few spots for opportunities to work on clients through this and other programs for people in this situation.  I am supplying the clients, equipment, and supplies.  Anyone who is interested can contact me.  I look forward to reporting results from this program.  I also plan to continue and expand the program to include a larger number of students in the future.


Facebook: Biofeedback Resources International

Twitter: Biofeedbackman





Spanish Language Biofeedback & Neurofeedback Training

Posted in DefaultTag by biofeedbackresources on May 3rd, 2012

As the Spanish speaking population in the USA grows it just makes sense to me that the need for Spanish speaking healthcare providers to also be trained to deliver biofeedback and neurofeedback services.  There has also been a great deal of growth in biofeedback and neurofeedback outside of the United States in countries where Spanish is the main language.  Biofeedback Resources International is introducing a series of Spanish language biofeedback and neurofeedback seminars to help fill this need.  Prof. Dr. Jorge J. Palacios Venegas  has joined our team to provide seminars in Spanish. These seminars will not be taught in English and translated.  They will be taught directly in Spanish.    Over the years we have worked with clients from Mexico, Spain, Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Argentina in addition to clients living in the USA who have Spanish as their first language.  I hope that by offering these classes it will be more convenient for our Spanish speaking clients to learn biofeedback and neurofeedback.

Biofeedback Resources International announces Spanish language seminars for

Peripheral Biofeedback – July 12-14

EEG/Neurofeedback – July 16-18

(PTSD) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – July 19-21

(TBI) Traumatic Brain Injury / Concussion – July 23-25

Location: Coral Gables, FL (near Miami)

Contact: Harry L. Campbell

Biofeedback Resources International

877-669-6463 /914-762-4646

Facebook: Biofeedback Resources International

Twitter: biofeedbackman

It’s not every day you see this so tell everybody you know who might like to attend.

Information in Spanish:

Information in English:

« Older episodes ·